Togo is a sub-Saharan West African country that shares borders with Ghana to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Benin to the east. It had an estimated population of 7.8 million inhabitants in 2017, with a demographic growth rate of about 2.5%. Togo is a low-income country with an average per capita income of US$ 611 in 2017. The capital city, Lomé, sits on the coast near the border with Ghana and has about 800,000 inhabitants. Lomé has the only deep-water port in West Africa, making the city an important transport hub for transit trade to landlocked neighboring countries. The main economic activities are agriculture, phosphate mining, and trade and transportation of goods. Agriculture employs about 66% of the population and accounts for about of 41.3 % GDP. The secondary sector, including phosphate mining, cement manufacturing, construction, and energy, employs about 12% of the population and accounts for about 16.8% of GDP in 2017. Services, dominated by commerce and transportation, employ about 21% of the population and contribute about 29.8% to GDP in 2017. Togo is ranked at 166th out of 187 countries in the Human Development Index (2015).